Drilling and extraction activities in the oil and gas industry are one of the most complicated and engineering feats in the world. The extreme conditions coupled with growing restrictions make the process harder and harder every day. However, the industry is not one to succumb to pressure. The oil and gas industry especially in the Middle East follows some strict quality and conformance guidelines to ensure each process is carried out just right. The key to a perfect oil wellbore dig is proper casing tubing processes executed by a trained team.
What is casing tubing?
Casing tubing is a process of getting the well ready for production. The casing is a pipe that is used to drill the oil well or bore to a predesigned depth in small intervals. The casing has to be done in intervals as digging long distances in one shot can damage the nearby strata and contaminate the well as well. Cement is poured down the sides of the casing to form a barrier around the well and also strengthen it to hold the tubes for thousands of feet. Once the casing is completed, tubing is carried out where a smaller diameter pipe is used to transport the oil from the bed to the reservoir or processing unit. Casing tubing has to be carried out perfectly to achieve the design output from the bore without any damage or rework costs.
As oil well production is a costly affair, so the design of casing tubing is of paramount importance. The material of the pipes used for these activities has to be selected carefully as per the environment where they are to be used. Pipe suppliers in UAE such as the New World Horizon have a variety of materials available with them for casing tubing. Some of the popular ones include carbon steel, austenitic steel, Inconel, and other superalloy varieties of steel. The supplier can guide to the ideal material for your casing and tubing needs based on the well and platform site conditions.
Conclusion – Casing Tubing Practices
Ideal casing tubing practices involve getting the products manufactured in line with the site conditions and design requirements. The suppliers and designers must visit the site before getting the production started. Casing tubing is the building block for oil well digging and offshore activity. It is highly cost and resource-intensive hence must be done right at the beginning itself.
Industrialists and material engineers have the constant challenge of designing fittings and systems for abrasive and corrosive environments. Industries such as marine engineering, oil and gas, and chemical manufacturing spend a lot of money to ensure their systems work well for a long time in such environments. One of the most popular alloys for such applications is the Copper-Nickel alloy or CuNi as it is generally known in the industry. CuNi fittings are employed extensively in piping distribution systems, power generation activities, offshore platform and processing, construction of hulls of boats and ships, and seawater systems.
Cuni Fittings and Corrosion
CuNi is a copper(base metal) alloy with a smaller percentage of nickel and other metals such as zinc and manganese for strength and other desired properties. The combination of copper and nickel makes the alloy remarkably resistant to corrosion, especially in seawater. CuNi fittings are found to be resistant to the effect of seawater, alkaline solutions, and moisture as well. In addition to corrosion resistance, the alloy is also found to be resistant towards the action of microorganisms found in marine environments.
CuNi fittings are also employed in desalination plants, offshore platforms, and power generation factories. These industries use seawater in their processes in a high-temperature environment. Other steel alloys are found to undergo galvanic corrosion, chloride crevice corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking in such applications. CuNi fittings however are found to be an ideal fit for these circumstances.
Cuni Fittings Physical Properties
Another reason why manufacturers prefer CuNi fittings is due to their many favorable physical properties. Copper and nickel alloy with each other easily and the resultant alloy is seen to have a combination of properties from both metals. CuNi fittings have great ductility, weldability, and can be easily formed in sheets and pipes of various thickness. This makes it easy to use in different types of projects across industries. In addition to pipe fittings, CuNi is also used to protect other marine and offshore structures such as boats, ships, and platforms from getting affected by the seawater.
CuNi fittings have been popular in the marine and seawater based industries for a long time and have proved to be a valuable ally in corrosive working conditions. Cuni fittings suppliers in UAE such as the New World Horizons follow ASTM, EN and ISO standards to give you the best product possible. You can find different types of CuNi fittings with them as buttweld fittings, elbow, reducer, tee, and cap for your different requirements.
Grinding Ball Suppliers and Market Overview
UAE’s economic growth has been phenomenal to stay the least in the last few decades. In addition to being the largest oil and gas producer and exporter in the Gulf region, the country’s industrial development also has been quite impressive. Many manufacturing industries such as construction materials, food, textile, automobile, mining, and other allied trading industries have started to grow and make significant contributions to the country’s GDP. Mining industry and construction material manufacturing specifically are seeing good traction nowadays leading to the demand in many large scale industrial equipment. So, Grinding ball suppliers in the UAE have seen steady growth in demand and supply channels from these industries.
Grinding balls are small/medium scale metallic balls generally used in mining and construction material manufacturing such as cement and aggregates for reducing the size of the particles. As the market gets competitive, the need for precision and quality has increased multifold. Grinding balls are useful in producing materials to the exact dimension in bulk without much chance of error or compromise on quality.
There are different types of grinding balls available with the grinding ball suppliers in UAE. Some of the popular ones used are steel grinding balls, cast iron grinding balls, and ceramic grinding balls. To choose the right type of grinding media or balls for your industry, you must work with the supplier to analyze the particle size requirement, compatibility of the media with the product, and chances of contamination as well. Popularly, steel grinding balls are used in cement and other heavy-duty processing units due to their strength and hardness against the selected product.
Mining and other manufacturing industries contribute around 10-13% of overall UAE’s GDP hence this is a huge market for grinding balls. Grinding ball suppliers in the UAE have some of the best products imported from all over the world and manufactured in the country as well. They can be relied upon to provide guidance and cost-effective solutions as per the specific industry’s requirements.
Grinding Ball suppliers in UAE – Conclusion
As the market grows in the manufacturing and mining sector, the competition is also growing. Grinding ball suppliers in UAE are starting to up their game by providing the best products and technical guidance to their customers. The companies are also providing a wide range of solutions to major industries in the UAE. This helps them forge long term relationships and reputation in the market.
Working on an oil rig or an offshore platform is an extremely dangerous prospect. For the last few years, the industry has been under scrutiny for harsher working conditions, environmental effects, and most famously the oil leaks. Oil leaks are harmful to the company as well as the environment. Setting up an oil drilling rig or offshore platform is a challenging and cost-intensive operation and oil leakages impact the bottom line heavily. Hammer unions or pipe connections are the only way to stop this from happening. Most oil leakages are reported from faulty pipe connections and standardized hammer unions are the answer to this problem.
Hammer Union: Best Practices
Recognizing the importance of quality of the hammer union is to the performance and stability of every oil and gas extraction project, there are multiple guidelines present for avoiding any mishaps. Some of the important ones are:
- Every part of the hammer union (male and female) needs to be calibrated and marked with the number/pressure rating. This marking needs to be prominent and permanent.
- Workers have to be trained to avoid matching similar-looking parts without checking the numbers. Even if the numbers and size match, pressure rating has to be checked before making the connection.
- Hammer union materials have to be designed per the site conditions and have to be compatible with pipe materials.
- Hammer union suppliers have to keep buffer stock so that any repair work can be carried out immediately to minimize the damage if any.
Hammer union suppliers in UAE such as New World Horizons are seasoned professionals of this field. Being leading manufacturers and suppliers for the oil and gas industry, their marking and calibration practices are known to be the best. Also, suppliers ensure that their team is aware of all the project specifications and constraints before fulfilling any order.
The American Petroleum Institute has laid down strict guidelines for the procurement and installation of hammer unions. Suppliers like New World Horizon ensure that they are followed to the tee and no incompatible hammer union connection is executed at the site due to mismatch.
Summary – Hammer Unions
Oil leakages are serious business and all steps must be taken to ensure that the piping and distribution systems are leak-proof. Well-calibrated and pressure-tested hammer unions have to be used as per the design recommendations. Hammer unions can go a long way in ensuring the efficiency of petroleum extraction activities.
The oil and gas industry is the leading manufacturing and trading industry in the UAE and many other parts of GCC as well. More than 65% of the world’s oil and gas stock is present in the Middle East currently. Continuous oil and gas extraction activities and offshore platform construction are happening in different parts of the UAE today. With the oil prices taking a dip recently, this industry has a hard task ahead of it in the future. In such a scenario, the metallurgy industry has been a very helpful ally to help the industry forge ahead. Inconel specifically is one of the most useful and innovative inventions of this field which is used extensively in the oil and gas industry. Inconel suppliers in UAE work closely with the leaders of oil and gas to make many projects possible.
Inconel suppliers in UAE for Oil and Gas
Inconel is an alloy of nickel and chromium with a small percentage of iron. Due to its high resistance to all major types of corrosion, it is also referred to as a superalloy. Working in the oil and gas industry is no mean task as the equipment and machinery are exposed to a host of harsh and corrosive conditions regularly. Inconel suppliers in UAE provide different Inconel products such as Inconel 600, Inconel 625, and Inconel 718. Out of all these Inconel 625 is known to exhibit resistance to general and localized corrosion and attack from saltwater and chloride components.
Inconel suppliers in UAE have the expertise to understand the various challenges in the oil and gas industry by their numerous interactions with market leaders every day. They supply the best quality products for your project and also advise on the metal which would be the best fit for you. The different Inconel alloys have different properties and resistance towards various types of corrosions, so the Inconel suppliers in UAE guide you towards the right alloy after studying the functioning environment and maintenance feasibility.
Inconel is one of the strongest alloys suited for petrochemical, thermal processing, and offshore platforms as they are resistant towards corrosion, saltwater, higher temperature, and oxidation effects too. Inconel suppliers in the UAE have seen a huge rise in the demand of Inconel in the Middle East and other parts of GCC in the last few decades. These materials enable the companies to avoid damage to their equipment and succeed in their long-term projects without a lot of maintenance and repair costs.